Are synthetics really worth the price of admission? We put Lucas Oil's friction-fighting f
The friction-fighting properties of synthetic lubricants have been well established by now. Second only to making sure you change your oil at regular intervals is the need for a high-quality synthetic oil. Even if we disregard the performance benefits offered by the reduced friction, the improved lubrication and protection from thermal breakdown are reason enough to step up to the cost of synthetic lubricants. Not filling the crankcase with synthetics can be likened to running your turbo engine on low-octane fuel. Under most conditions, your boosted engine will tolerate the cheap stuff, but when you really need it most, the lesser octane can subject your turbo engine to deadly detonation. While the oiling situation likely won't be as dramatic, it is possible to spin a bearing or two under the heat of battle using conventional oil. Sure, synthetic oil is slightly more expensive, but a portion of the added cost can be recouped by lengthening oil change intervals since synthetics are less susceptible to contamination. But even if you do choose to schedule your changes every 3,000 miles, doesn't your performance engine deserve the good stuff?
To illustrate the effectiveness of synthetic oil, we ran Lucas Oil's own high-performance
While their increased longevity and heat-resistant properties make synthetic oils desirable, the additional power realized through reduced internal friction can be considered the icing on the cake. To illustrate the potential power gains offered we compared synthetic oil against conventional (non-synthetic) oil in three different back-to-back tests. Part one looks at both a normally aspirated and a turbocharged B18C VTEC combination. We follow this up by testing super lightweight racing oil on a 4AGE Toyota. The naturally aspirated/turbo test was made possible since we were breaking in a new turbo engine and were afforded the opportunity to run it normally aspirated before subjecting it to boost. Running the engine in both normally aspirated and turbocharged states allows us to test the various oils' effects on both combinations. Would the added strain of the higher power output turbo engine yield different results or would the power gains offered by the reduced friction remain the same with both combinations? Questions like these are why we go to such trouble in the first place.
The shortblock is topped off with a complete Dart head assembly and Skunk2 camshafts.
The Naturally Aspirated Setup
The turbocharged test engine began life as any other B18C block, but was quickly augmented with a set of sleeves to allow for an increase in bore size from 81mm to 84mm. The increased bore is matched with an 87.2mm crank, a set of Probe Racing forged connecting rods and forged aluminum pistons. The shortblock is topped off with a CNC-ported Dart head, a set of Skunk2 Stage 2 camshafts and a matching Skunk2 intake manifold. Additional features include a complete Cometic headgasket set, ARP head studs and Skunk2 timing gears. The engine is also equipped with a modified AEM fuel rail designed to let us use the larger Bosch-type injectors. The naturally aspirated engine uses 36 lb/hr injectors, while the turbo is fitted with 72 lb/hr ones. Both cam timing and ignition timing are dialed in as is the air/fuel ratio using the Fast XFI engine management system. The Fast system is what allows us to produce such repeatable power curves (within 1 hp). The naturally aspirated engine is also equipped with an A'PEXi header feeding a 3-inch open exhaust.
Our test engine features a sleeved B18C block bored to accept 84mm flattop pistons from Pr
The Naturally Aspirated Test
The first order of business was to get the new engine up and running and subjected to its break-in procedure. Our computerized break-in procedure varies applied loads and engine speeds for 30-minute sessions. Once completed, we can dial in timing and air/fuel ratios for full-throttle conditions and then swap the oil and filter. We filled the Honda crankcase with Lucas 20W-50 conventional oil for our first phase of testing. The oil was brought up to temperature (190 degrees), while air and coolant temperatures were kept constant. With the conventional oil, the normally aspirated B-series engine produced 203 hp and 150 lb-ft of torque. Though we hoped for a bit more, we can't forget the fact that this low-compression engine was really built for one thing-boost. Subsequent runs resulted in repeated power figures. Following our first stage of tests, we drained the oil and swapped out the filter. After filling the crankcase with an equal amount of 5W-20 Lucas synthetic, we were rewarded with an immediate 8hp jump. Naturally, the synthetic oil was run at the same temperature as the conventional oil. The combination of the viscosity change and synthetic makeup improved power output to a total of 211 hp. As expected, the power gains increased with engine speed-most notable of which was near redline.
Given that both oil pressure and friction increase with engine speed, the power gains offe
Skunk2 also supplied one of their Type R-style intake manifolds designed to bolt to the Da
The Dart head offers impressive flow thanks to full CNC porting on the intake and exhaust